When tissue is exposed to freezing temperatures for long periods of time, frostbite can develop.  Although it may seem counterintuitive, frostbite is considered a burn and causes similar damage to tissue layers.  It can cause loss of feeling and can result in permanent, irreversible tissue damage. In extreme temperature situations, the [...]


Children’s Feet


Babies’ feet are made up of fragile cartilage that has not yet developed into strong bones. A child’s feet are fragile, delicate, easily damaged and need to be covered and supported, even before they learn to walk. Boys feet usually reach their adult size by age 13, and a girls foot is usually fully developed [...]

Children’s Feet2018-09-24T14:32:37+00:00

Achilles Tendonitis


The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon. Starting from behind the knee, it runs down the back of your lower leg to your heel. Basically, it connects your heel bone to your calf muscles, and grants us the simple pleasures of walking, running and jumping. Without the Achilles tendon, walking would be beyond [...]

Achilles Tendonitis2018-09-24T13:57:18+00:00

Aging Feet


Aging is inevitable, and it causes certain changes to our feet which we should be aware of and treat accordingly. For instance, as we age we lose some of the padding that is on the bottom of our feet. These pads are natural shock absorbers for the joints and bones. As this padding decreases over [...]

Aging Feet2018-09-24T13:59:30+00:00

Ankle Sprain


Ankle sprains are caused by an unnatural twisting or force on the ankle bones of the foot, which may result in excessive stretching or tearing of one or more ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The severity of the sprain can impact the degree of damage as well as the type and duration of [...]

Ankle Sprain2018-09-24T14:01:47+00:00



Arthritis is an inflammation and swelling of the cartilage and lining of the joints, generally accompanied by an increase in the fluid in the joints. Arthritis is a disabling and occasionally crippling disease afflicting almost 40 million Americans. In some forms, it appears to be hereditary. Although the prevalence of arthritis increases with age, all [...]


Athlete’s Foot


Athlete’s Foot, also known as tinea pedis, is a skin disease caused by a fungus that usually occurs between the toes. The fungus attacks the feet because shoes create a warm, dark, and humid environment that encourages fungus growth. Warm, damp areas around swimming pools, showers, and locker rooms are also breeding grounds for fungi. Doctor Lefkowitz, [...]

Athlete’s Foot2018-09-24T14:05:04+00:00



Basically, a bunion is a large bump on the side of the foot indicating that the big toe is deviated (which means that it points toward the rest of the toes). Sometimes bunions have no exact cause, but they are painful and permanent unless surgically removed. Some causes linked to bunions may include [...]




Corns appear on the feet, in the form of thick skin, as a protective measure against constant pressure and friction. Sometimes corns disappear once the cause is properly identified and eliminated. In most cases, corns are caused by ill-fitting footwear. Unlike calluses, corns are small in size, and usually appear on top of (or in [...]